The cornea is the eye’s outermost layer. It is the clear, dome-shaped surface that covers the front of the eye. It is responsible for more than 2/3rd of the eye’s focusing power. Unlike most tissues in the body, the cornea contains no blood vessels to nourish or protect it against infection. Instead, the cornea receives its nourishment from the tears and aqueous humor that fills the chamber behind it. To see well, all layers of the cornea must be free of any cloudy or opaque areas. When cornea becomes cloudy due to disease, injury, infection or malnutrition, vision is significantly lost or reduced.
Corneal blindness is a major concern in developing countries. The Cornea and Anterior Segment Services at MGM Eye Institute manages different corneal diseases on a daily basis.
Patients from all the districts of Chhattisgarh and neighboring states of Madhya Pradesh, Jharkhand, Orissa and eastern Maharashtra are coming on a regular basis for diagnosis and management. Apart from cataract surgery and corneal transplants, clinicians in this service handle a range of other ocular complications, ranging from infections on the surface of the eye like Corneal Ulcer, Conjunctivitis and Surgeries like Pterigium excision, Corneal Tear Repair, Amniotic Membrane Grafting etc.